A guide to the 37 Democrats who may or may not be running for president

    U.S. Sen. Cory Booker, D-NJ, leaves ABC studios in New York after an appearance on The View, Friday, Feb. 1, 2019. Booker on Friday declared his bid for the presidency in 2020 with a sweeping call to unite a deeply polarized nation around a "common purpose." (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan)

    With Sen. Cory Booker, D-N.J., entering the 2020 Democratic presidential race Friday and just over a year between now and the Iowa caucus, the field of candidates vying for the chance to challenge President Donald Trump has begun to take shape, and it is already pretty crowded.

    “It’s very clear whenever there’s an open seat at the top of the ticket for one of these parties, you’re going to get a feeding frenzy of very talented candidates,” said Alvin Tillery, director of the Center for the Study of Diversity and Democracy at Northwestern University.

    He expects Booker will be a formidable campaigner with a strong social media game, but of the approximately 10 candidates who have announced their intentions, Sen. Kamala Harris, D-Calif., may be the front-runner after an effective launch that even Trump has praised.

    “You bring California to the table in a Democratic primary and presidential election, you’re bringing a lot,” Tillery said.

    Harris has drawn criticism this week after endorsing the elimination of the private health insurance system, and Republicans have branded many other ideas embraced by top candidates as extreme. Democrats acknowledge a general leftward tilt on some issues, but they say it reflects a generational shift in the party.

    “It’s definitely stacked more heavily toward the left than it has been in a while,” said Democratic strategist Hamza Khan, founder of the Pluralism Project.

    However, he noted there are some conservative and moderate Democrats like former Rep. John Delaney, D-Md., in the mix. Given the diversity of gender, race, age, and ideology among the contenders, Khan said the eventual nominee must stress inclusiveness and bring younger, diverse voices into the party.

    “It’s going to be important for Democrats to find a candidate who can appeal to the growing millennial and Generation Z base,” he said.

    It is perhaps ironic, then, that all eyes are on one of the oldest potential candidates.

    “Everyone’s still waiting for the 800-pound gorilla on the Democratic side, which would be Vice President Joe Biden,” Tillery said.

    Biden, 76, told CNN this week, “I don’t think there’s any hurry” to make an announcement, but he has indicated he is near a decision. Democrats are eager to see who is in and who is out in the weeks ahead, but they also recognize they are 12 months away from anyone casing a vote.

    “The field is off to a very fast start with some very credible candidates, but it will be another six months until everyone gets in and we get a true sense of how they stack up against each other,” said Democratic strategist Craig Varoga.

    Khan agreed that it is very early in the game, but candidates still need to be careful because mistakes made now could hobble them in what will be an extremely competitive race for the nomination.

    “It matters enough that you don’t make a fool of yourself,” he said.

    Here’s where things stand:


    Sen. Cory Booker: The New Jersey senator and former Newark mayor kicked off his campaign Friday morning ahead of trips to Iowa, South Carolina, and New Hampshire in February.

    Pete Buttigieg: The youngest candidate eying a 2020 campaign, the openly gay mayor of South Bend, Indiana announced last Wednesday he intends to run. Buttigieg is a former Rhodes scholar and a military veteran who ran unsuccessfully for chair of the Democratic National Committee after the 2016 election. He is already highlighting a generational change in American leadership as a campaign theme.

    Julian Castro: Castro, who served as Housing and Urban Development secretary under President Barack Obama, formally announced his campaign to become the nation’s first Latino president on Jan. 12. He launched an exploratory committee a month earlier, and his twin brother, Rep. Joaquin Castro, had already publicly confirmed he would run.

    John Delaney: Delaney was the first prominent Democrat to announce a 2020 campaign in July 2017. He just completed his third term representing Maryland’s 6th District in the House and he has held hundreds of campaign events in Iowa and New Hampshire. He remains relatively unknown on the national stage, though.

    Rep. Tulsi Gabbard: Hawaii Rep. Gabbard confirmed she planned to run in a CNN interview on Jan. 11, and she formally kicked off her bid two weeks later. She has already faced criticism from progressives for her past views on same-sex marriage and Islamic extremism.

    Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand: The New York senator announced on “The Late Show with Stephen Colbert” last month that she is launching an exploratory committee for a presidential campaign. "As a young mom, I'm going to fight for other people's kids as hard as I would fight for my own," she told Colbert.

    Sen. Kamala Harris: California Sen. Harris, the state’s former attorney general, announced on “Good Morning America” on Martin Luther King Jr. Day that she intended to seek the Democratic presidential nomination. More than 20,000 people attended her official campaign launch event on Oakland on Jan. 27.

    Sen. Elizabeth Warren: Sen. Warren of Massachusetts announced the launch of her exploratory committee on Dec. 31, raising nearly $300,000 in online donations on the same day. She said on social media Thursday she will make “a BIG announcement” about 2020 on Feb. 9, presumably at a formal kickoff event for her campaign.

    Marianne Williamson: Author Marianne Williamson, a spiritual adviser to Oprah Winfrey who entered the race with a speech in Los Angeles on Monday night, told CNN she is seeking “a moral and spiritual awakening in the country.” Her campaign platform includes universal health care, a Green New Deal, and $100 billion in reparations for slavery.

    Andrew Yang: Yang is a businessman who has been running for president for more than a year. Since filing paperwork with the Federal Election Commission in November 2017, he has made several campaign stops in Iowa and New Hampshire. He has proposed $1,000 monthly payments to all citizens between the ages of 18 and 64.


    Sen. Michael Bennet: “I’m thinking about it,” the Colorado senator told MSNBC’s Chuck Todd last week, “like every single other person in this building.” The Associated Press reported in December that Bennet was in contact with influential Iowa Democrats.

    Vice President Joe Biden: Widely seen as one of the strongest contenders for the nomination, former Vice President Biden continues to waver on a potential run. "I don't have any particular timetable. I don't think there's any hurry, but there's a bigger hurry to decide just personally," he told a CNN reporter at Dulles Airport Tuesday.

    Michael Bloomberg: The billionaire and former New York City mayor has reportedly been developing an extensive data operation for a potential run, but he remains undecided. Bloomberg, who was especially vocal this week in slamming current candidates for their tax and health care plans, is reportedly waiting to see if Biden runs before making his decision.

    Sen. Sherrod Brown: Ohio Sen. Brown has embarked on a “Dignity of Work” tour of early primary states aimed at emphasizing his appeal to the voters Democrats lost to Trump in 2016. He has said he wants to talk to people in Iowa, New Hampshire, South Carolina, and Nevada before deciding whether to run for president in 2020.

    Gov. Steve Bullock: According to Politico, the Montana governor plans to decide on a 2020 campaign after the state’s legislative session ends in May, but he has been contacting donors and visiting Iowa and New Hampshire over the last year.

    Andrew Gillum: After losing a close race for governor of Florida in November, Gillum sparked some 2020 buzz meeting with former President Obama and addressing a DNC finance meeting in December. However, CNN announced this week he is joining the network as a political commentator.

    John Hickenlooper: Former Colorado Gov. Hickenlooper told CNN Thursday “someone like myself” would be best suited to defeat Trump in 2020. He highlighted his history of bipartisanship during a visit to a Des Moines brewery last weekend.

    Eric Holder: The former attorney general has been publicly considering a 2020 bid since early last year and he is expected to make a decision soon. Holder is scheduled to speak at the Harkin Institute in Des Moines on Feb. 12.

    Gov. Jay Inslee: Inslee, the governor of Washington, told The Atlantic he is planning a run for the presidency with a singular focus on climate change. He launched a political action committee in December, but he has not yet established an exploratory committee or formally announced he is running.

    Sen. Amy Klobuchar: The Minnesota senator has been less aggressive than some of her colleagues in staking out a position in the race, but she has not ruled it out and she still has plenty of time to decide.

    Terry McAuliffe: McAuliffe, the former governor of Virginia, has repeatedly criticized fellow Democrats for offering impractical and expensive policy solutions. According to ABC News, he plans to decide whether to run against them by the end of March.

    Sen. Jeff Merkley: Sen. Merkley of Oregon told KATU recently he is weighing whether he can be most effective as a presidential candidate or as a senator, and he will decide on his political future soon.

    Rep. Seth Moulton: Massachusetts Rep. Moulton told WBZ last month he is “exploring” a 2020 presidential bid. He will be in New Hampshire meeting with Democratic officials this weekend.

    Beto O’Rourke: Since losing the Texas Senate race last fall, O’Rourke has been walking the earth like Caine in “Kung Fu,” livestreaming dental appointments, and writing introspective Medium posts. He told Politico last week it could be months before he announces his 2020 plans.

    Sen. Bernie Sanders: According to Yahoo News, Sanders, an independent senator who proved more formidable than expected in the 2016 Democratic presidential primaries, is preparing to announce a 2020 run. He would have to overcome hard feelings from Democrats who blame him in part for Hillary Clinton’s loss to Trump in the 2016 general election.

    Rep. Eric Swalwell: The California Democrat told CNN Wednesday he is “close” to a decision, but he is considering how a presidential campaign would impact his wife and young children.

    Howard Schultz: Former Starbucks CEO Schultz had been discussed as a potential Democratic candidate, but he announced this week as he kicked off a book tour that he is instead considering a run as “a centrist independent.”

    OUT (for now, at least)

    Michael Avenatti: The attorney made national headlines for months representing adult film actress Stormy Daniels in lawsuits related to her alleged 2006 affair with President Trump. He also inserted himself into the nomination fight over Supreme Court Justice Brett Kavanaugh to the dismay of many Democrats. He publicly waffled on a 2020 run for months before announcing in December he would not go for it.

    Sen. Bob Casey: Sen. Casey briefly stirred buzz last fall with visits to early primary states, but the Pennsylvania Democrat said earlier this month staying in the Senate is “the best way for me to fight for the America that so many of us believe in.”

    Hillary Clinton: The 2016 Democratic nominee is the subject of perennial speculation and rumors about her 2020 plans, but she has offered no public indication she intends to run. CNN reported recently she was discussing the possibility, but 2016 campaign chairman John Podesta told the network he believes she is definitely out.

    Eric Garcetti: Los Angeles Mayor Garcetti announced earlier this week that he would not run because his current job is “what I am meant to do.” He also said he believes serving as mayor is a better job than the vice presidency.

    Sen. Chris Murphy: "I’ve been pretty transparent about this, but let me be 100% clear: I’m not running in 2020," the Connecticut senator tweeted last week after leaving the door slightly open to the prospect in December.

    Martin O’Malley: Former Maryland Gov. O’Malley struggled to get traction in the 2016 presidential primaries, and he announced in January he would not run again this cycle. Instead, he is urging Beto O’Rourke to get in the race.

    Richard Ojeda: One of the first candidates to officially announce his campaign last year, the West Virginia Democrat is now the first to suspend his campaign.

    Deval Patrick: The former Massachusetts governor confirmed in December that he would not pursue a presidential run, citing “the cruelty of our elections process.”

    Tom Steyer: After months of tentative steps toward a possible campaign, the billionaire told reporters last month he would not run. He will instead dedicate 100 percent of his efforts to his improbable campaign to force Trump out of office through impeachment.

    Oprah Winfrey: Oprah spent much of 2018 downplaying rumors and speculation that she may challenge Trump. While campaigning for Stacy Abrams in Georgia in November, she explicitly stated she has no plans to run.

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